In-depth Look At Insomnia – Causes and Remedies

We are all used to that silly image of the one person who resorts to sheep counting once they simply can’t appear to nod off. But when you’re the person that is been restless and turning all through the night, insomnia is no laughing matter. Insomnia could be a common upset which will deprive you from falling asleep, difficult to stay asleep, or make you to wake up too early and not be able to get back to sleep. You may still feel tired once you awaken. Insomnia will drain not only your entire energy state and mood but alongside your health, work performance and quality of life.

The amount of recommended sleep varies from one person to another person, but most adults need seven to eight hours a night. At some purpose, many adults experience short-term (acute) insomnia, which lasts for days or weeks. It’s usually the result of stress or a traumatic event. But some individuals have long-run (chronic) sleep disorder that lasts for a month or additional. Insomnia is also the first drawback, or it may be associated with other medical conditions or medications. Insomnia normally results in daytime drowsiness, lethargy, and a general feeling of being unwell, both mentally and physically. Mood swings, irritability, and anxiety are symptoms that are common. Insomnia has additionally been related to a bigger risk of developing chronic diseases.

Types of Insomnia

There are 2 varieties of sleep disorder (insomnia): primary sleep disorder and secondary insomnia.

  • Primary insomnia: Primary insomnia simply entails that someone is having sleep problem that are not directly associated with any other health condition or problem.
  • Secondary insomnia: Secondary insomnia simply entails that a person is having sleep difficulty due to something else, such as a health condition (like arthritis cancer, depression, asthma, or heartburn); pain; medication they’re taking; or a substance they’re making use of (like alcohol).

Signs and Symptoms of Insomnia

Insomnia itself is also an indication of associate degree underlying medical condition. However, there are several signs and symptoms which are related to insomnia:

  • Headaches due to Tension (feels like a tight band around head).
  • Waking during the night.
  • Waking earlier than desired.
  • Still feeling tired after a night’s sleep.
  • Irritability, depression, or anxiety.
  • Poor concentration and focus.
  • Being uncoordinated, an increase in errors or accidents.
  • Daytime fatigue or sleepiness.

Sleep deprivation can result to other symptoms. The person that is been afflicted may wake up from sleep not feeling fully awake and refreshed, and may have a sensation of tiredness and sleepiness throughout the day. Having issues concentrating and being focus on given tasks is common for individuals with sleep disorder.


Insomnia is also the first drawback, or it should be related to different conditions. Chronic sleep disorder is sometimes a results of stress, life events or habits that disrupt sleep. Treating the underlying cause will resolve the sleep disorder, but sometimes it can last for years.

Common causes of chronic insomnia include:

Stress: Has to do with work, school, health, finances or family will keep your mind active at nighttime, making it difficult to sleep. Stressful life events or trauma — like the death or health problem of a dear person, divorce, or a job loss — also may lead to insomnia.

Eating too much late in the evening: Having a lightweight snack before sleep time is OK, but eating too much may result to physical discomfort while lying down. Many persons do go through heartburn, a backflow of acid and food from the stomach into the esophagus after eating, which may keep you awake.

Chronic sleep disorder may additionally be related to medical conditions or the utilization of a particular medicine. Treating the medical condition might aid sleep, but the insomnia may persist after the medical condition improves.


Nearly everyone occasionally do experience sleepless night. But your risk of insomnia is greater if:

  • You’re above age 60. Due to changes in the pattern of sleep and health, the level of insomnia increases with age.
  • You’re undergoing a lot of stress. Stressful times and events can cause temporary insomnia. And major or long stress will result in chronic sleep disorder.
  • When the person is suffering from a mental health disorder or physical health challenge. Many problems that impact your mental or physical health will disrupt sleep.
  • You’re a woman. Hormonal shifts during the menstrual cycle and in menopause may play a role. During the stage of menopause, night sweats and hot flashes always disrupt sleep. Insomnia is also common with pregnant women.



Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is an herbal home remedy and a powerful sleep aid, brewed as a tea or taken as a supplement, that is commonly used to reduce anxiety, improve sleep quality, and act as a sedative. Clinical trials of flower have had inconsistent results for sleep disorder. Studies which are measuring sleep quality have found no distinction between individuals taking flower and people taking a placebo. Nevertheless, a sizable number of persons in the studies anecdotally reported that their sleep quality improved with valerian.

It is believed that valerian affect levels of one of the calming neurotransmitters in the body system, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). It can also bring about relief to muscle spasms and is thought to help alleviate menstrual period pain. Valerian is typically taken one hour before bed. A standard dose is 450 mg. If taken during the day, valerian may result in drowsiness—it is commonly taken in 2 to a few three hundred mg doses with meals.

Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis (Also known as Lemon balm) is an herbal tea and supplement that is known to relieve anxiety and calm the nerves in the body. It may be seen in most supplements that also contain valerian. While one study found it to be useful, reviews of studies have not found any evidence for lemon balm or other herbal “sleep formula” supplements like melatonin.

Vitex Agnus Castus

The herb Vitex agnus castus (chaste tree) might facilitate sleep disorder during menstruation period or sleep disorder that is a side effect of premenstual syndrome (PMS). In particular study, most ladies with moderate to serious premenstrual syndrome were treated with either a vitex agnus castus extract or a placebo for 3 menstrual cycles. Participants were asked to document their various symptoms with a PMS diary with a daily rating scale of seventeen symptoms. Fewer symptoms was reported by them, especially less insomnia and negative effect, but their cramps didn’t improve. However, it is not advisable to employ chasteberry on hormone replacement therapy, contraception pills therapy, or dopamine-related medications, according to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health.

Chamomile Tea

Clinical trials haven’t proved camomile to be useful for sleep disorder. Chamomile is said to be an herb historically used to minimize muscle tension, soothe digestion, and reduce anxiety, which may help induce sleep. Hot chamomile tea should be sipped after dinner but do not drink it when you are too close to the bed or you may have to get up in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom. Hops, passionflower, and ashwagandha are other herbs that are often used for insomnia. As with camomile, they need not proved their effectiveness in studies.